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Journal of America Team:


 Editor in chief: 
Abdus Sattar Ghazali

 Managing Editor:
 
Mertze Dahlin   

Senior Editor:
Prof.
Arthur Scott
 

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May 2011

Osama bin Laden: The Most Costly Kill in the History of Mankind
By Syed R. Mahmood:
“Justice has been done.” President Obama informed the American public on May 1, 2011, after a team of U.S. Navy SEALs killed Osama bin Laden in a secret raid in Abbattabad, Pakistan near a military academy, that U.S. forces had found and killed Osama bin Laden, The President certainly deserves credit for his courageous decision to give a go-ahead with this very risky military operation. His orders probably were to kill Osama not to capture him. The death of Osama provides the first symbolic victory for the United States in a long time. Read More

Osama episode reinvigorates China-Pakistan ties
By Abdus Sattar Ghazali:
Pakistan’s Defence Minister Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar announced on May 22 that China had “acceded to Pakistan’s request to take over operations” of the Gwadar port while Islamabad also requested Beijing to build a naval base at the same port. This is perhaps the biggest shift in Pakistan’s policy in the aftermath of Osama episode.
Read More

Obama's reset rhetoric is unlikely to translate into meaningful policy change in the Middle East
By Abdus Sattar Ghazali: President Barack Obama delivered a major foreign policy speech Thursday on historic changes in the Middle East. This was his second major address about America's relationship with the Muslim world which may be dubbed as Cairo-2. The most important part of the speech dealt with borders as a key element of “reset strategy” will involve prodding Israel and the Palestinians to re-engage in negotiations on a two-state solution to the six-decade Arab-Israeli conflict. Yet the basis for a solution he offered -- a settlement based on Israel's pre-1967 borders, with negotiated land swaps -- is well over a decade old.
Read More

Mitchell's Inevitable Resignation
By Stephen Zunes:
At age 77, George Mitchell's resignation as President Barack Obama's envoy on Arab-Israeli affairs may have indeed been for personal reasons, as he claimed. More likely, however, it came out of frustration at the Obama administration's failure to pressure the right-wing Israeli government to make the necessary compromises for peace. The failure of the Obama administration to adequately support Mitchell in pursuing the peace process is all the more remarkable given that the former senator is such a quintessential establishment figure. Read More

Yemen on the Edge
By Stephen Zunes: S
ince Obama came to office in January 2009, U.S. security assistance to the Yemeni regime has gone up 20-fold.  Despite such large-scale unconditional support, however, the 32-year reign of autocratic President Ali Abdullah Saleh may finally be coming to an end. Yet the Obama administration has been ambivalent in its support for a democratic transition in this impoverished but strategically important country. Saleh’s behavior has gotten increasingly bizarre. He has begun claiming that an unlikely coalition of Israel and Qatar has incited and financed the pro-democracy struggle, and that women in leadership positions in the pro-democracy struggle and even men and women protesting in the streets together is somehow “un-Islamic.” Read More

Osama’s death: Historical meaning/significance
By Arthur Scott:  May 1, 2011, Osama bin Laden met his Waterloo, five months prior to the tenth anniversary of 9/11 in which more than 3 000 Americans lost their lives to a terrorist plot orchestrated by him and carried out by his revolutionary arm Al –Qaeda. The great irony of his death was that his Islamist image already had been  tarnished by the 2011 “Arab Spring” in which the Arab street, especially youth, men and women, were chanting or calling for the ending of the existing corrupt dictatorships by demonstrations and social networks rather than by terror/suicide bombers. Freedom, equality, jobs, and a future full of “secular promise”, not jihadist’s rhetoric was the dominant refrain of the Middle East  Read More

The Killing of Bin Laden and the Threat of Al Qaeda
By Stephen Zunes
: The killing of Al-Qaeda founder and leader Osama bin Laden is not likely to have a profound impact one way or the other in the struggle against the terrorist organization and its allied groupings. On the one hand, Al-Qaeda may face a potential leadership void and internal divisions. On the other hand, the organization has decentralized in the ten years since the United States and allied forces drove them from their sanctuaries in Afghanistan and terrorist cells operate independently from bin Laden's leadership and a whole new generation of terrorists subscribing to the apocalyptic and genocidal ideology has sprung up as a result of the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq. Read More

Osama Bin Laden episode and Pakistan’s dispirited mercenary army
By Abdus Sattar Ghazali:
Four days after the Abbottabad episode, Pakistan’s
d
ispirited mercenary army, in a terse statement, called Thursday for cuts in the number of U.S. military personnel in the country to protest the US operation in Abbottabad that “killed Osama bin Laden.” The army also threatened to cut cooperation with Washington if the U.S. stages more unilateral raids on its territory. The army's statement issued after a meeting of Pakistan's top generals was the first since the raid.  It was apparently aimed at pacifying domestic critics who accuse it of failing to protect the country's sovereignty. Read More